This breed is thought to be of Arabian origin. It has been kept in France since ages.
A large bird with elevated proud bearing, a balanced, high stance, rugged forms and powerful looks. Long neck and long beak. Wings and tail are short. The feathering is tight, several patches are scarcely feathered or even naked, showing the red pigmented skin. This is very typical for the breed. The weight is 700 to 900 grams, respectively for the hens and the cocks.
Features of the Breed
Head: Powerful and long, arched, while the back of the head is strongly rounded and passing into the neck. Seen from aside, the beak is proceeding in shape to the head line, with only a minor submerging right behind the beak. Seen from above, the head is wedge-shaped.
Beak: Long, from the beginning of the beak (the gape) to the tip, the length should measure 35 to 38 mm. Thick at the base, the lower beak as substantial as the upper beak. The tip of the upper mandible is slightly arched and stumpy. Beak colour preferably as light as possible, pinkish around the wattle. White to slightly yellowish in the Red, Yellow and Dun. Horn colour in the other colour varieties, a somewhat darker beak point is tolerated.
Beak wattle: Level, but somewhat rough on the outer surface, level. Colour is rose-white.
Eyes:Very large, prominent and expressive. Pearl colour, some tolerance for granulation (sand colour). The Whites and Pieds have dark or bull eyes, but pearl eyes are allowed. The eye ceres are wide, fine structured with a blood red colour.
Neck: Very long, in proportion to the length of the legs, almost the same thickness from the shoulders to the sharply defined throat. Held vertical and in the middle, slightly curved forward ( the Baghdad Knot/ a slight kink in the fourth neck vertebrae (a breed feature) Shoulders powerful and square set.
Breast: Broad and lightly rounded with a lifted and prominent breast bone.
Back: Broad, short and wedge-shaped, slightly hollow and narrowing towards the rear.
Wings: Short, wing tips carried on the tail, reaching up to 4 to 5 cm of the end of the tail. Wing shields are flat with the wing butts slightly lifted and held slightly away from the Breast.
Tail: Well closed, not too long and slightly sloping.
Legs: Long and powerful, heavy in bone and very muscular, bent in knee joints. When we hold the legs against the tail, the legs are 3 cm longer that the tail. Legs are set well apart, about 5 cm. The thighs are broad and very muscular, protruding. The shanks are very long, featherless, the toes long and wide spread. The nails are large, white or black depending on the plumage colour.
Plumage: Very short, tight and sparsely feathered. At several places the naked skin is showing, i.e. the face, shoulder, around the eye ceres, thumbs and along the breast bone. An intensely red skin colour showing at these spots will increase the breed value of the bird.
Colours: white, black, dun, red, yellow, brown, khaki and Andalusian blue. Chequered, barre dor barless: dominant red, dominant yellow, blue, silver, brown and khaki.
Grizzle: red, yellow, blue, silver, brown and khaki. Blue indigo, barred and chequered.
Pied: black, dun, red, yellow, brown, khaki, and Andalusian blue
Faults: Too small, too round in body, bad neck carriage, short neck, tail and/or wings too long, short legs, drooping tail, very noticeable forehead, submerging between beak and forehead, thin, pointed or curved beak, rough beak cere, too densely feathered, plumage too long and soft, pale eye ceres, noticeable dewlap, no pearl eyes (except White and Pied, which have dark eyes) or too coarsely granulated eyes (sand colour).